Siphandla saVelonkhe

Indzima yeSiphandla saVelonkhe

Siphandla saVelonkhe, nobe luphawu lwembuso, luphawu lolubonakalako lolukhulu lweMbuso.

Siphandla saVelonkhe siphindze yincenye lengumnyombo yeSitembu Esikhulu, letsatfwa njengeluphawu lolukhulu lweMbuso. Yonkhe imiculu leneluphawu lwe- Sitembu Esikhulu iniketwa inhlonipho lenkhulu, njengobe loku kusho kutsi yemukelwe nguMengameli waseNingizimu Afrika.

Siphandla saVelonkhe samiswa ngeLusuku lweNkhululeko, 27 Apreli 2000. Lengucuko ikhombisa inhloso yaHulumende yekubonisa ingucuko yentsandvo yelinyenti eNingizimu Afrika kanye nemcondvo lomusha wekutsandza live letfu.

Idizayini yeSiphandla

Siphandla (Luphawumbuso) luluchungechunge lwetitsako letihlelenjiswe ngetiyingi temumo welicandza letehlukene letibekwe lenye ngetulu kwalenye.

Umomo losalicandza longaphasi umele tintfo tesicalo

Intfo yekucala yi-motto, lesesiyingini lesincane lesiluhlata. Lokucedzelela lesiyingi timphondvo tendlovu letimbili letibekwe ngekulandzelana letibuke etulu. Ngekhatsi kwemumo losalicandza lowentiwe nguletimphondvo tendlovu tindlebe letimbili takolweni, lokubetse kwenta sitfombe seluphawu lwegolide lobekiwe.

Umumo weluphawu wenta ufananiswa nesigubhu, futsi ucukatse imifanekiso yebantfu lababili labentiwe ngemdvwebo wematje wemaKhoyisani. Lemifanekiso ibekwe yabukana ngekubingelelana nangelubumbano.

Ngetulu kweluphawu sikhali kanye nesigila (knobkierie), lokunjanyiswe ngemtsamo munye. Letintfo tibekwe ngekutsandzana kute tibuke loluphawu bese seticedzelela umumo losalicandza longaphasi wesicalo.

Umumo losalicandza wekunyuka

Madvute ngetulu kwemumo losalicandza wesicalo, ngumkhatsi lobonakalako weSiphandla, iphrothiya. Emacembe ephrothiya abekwe ngephethini lengucalantsatfu lesuselwa kumisebenti yetandla yase-Afrika.

Lentinginono ingetulu kwephrothiya kantsi lembali yenta sifuba senyoni. Lentinginono (secretary bird) ime ngetimphiko tayo tiphakeme ngemumo webukhosi futsi lophakeme. Tisiba tenhloko letehlukile tentinginono tenta inhloko lecinile futsi lehlahlambile.
Lilanga leliphumako ngetulu kwehorayizoni libekwe phakatsi kwetimphiko letimbili tetinginono futsi licedzelela umumo losalicandza wekunyuka.

Inhlanganisela yemimo lesalicandza lengetulu nalengaphasi ihlangana yente umsele longapheli longakancanyulwa, kanye nekuvisisana lokukhulu phakatsi kwetintfo letisisekelo letiholela kudizayini leyehlukile yonkhe indzawo futsi lenhle kakhulu. Nanobe kunjalo lugcina ngalokusebala, kusimama, sisndvo kanye nekusondzelana lokudzingwa Siphandla .

Umsebenti we Siphandla

Umumo losalicandza wesicalo

  • Sicubulo
    Sicubulo - !ke e: /xarra //ke, lesibhalwe ngelulimi lwemaKhoisani lwebantfu bema/Xam, ngekwamampela lokusho kutsi: bantfu labehlukene bayahlangana. Sibuka umzamo wemuntfu ngamunye wekucinisa bunye emkhatsini kwemcabango nekwenta. Ngekwelizinga lelihlanganisele sibita nokumemetela sive kutsi sihlangane ngengcondvo lefanako yekuba lilunga nekutigcabha kwavelonkhe – Bunye eKwehlukaneni.

    Pronunciation of !ke e: /xarra //ke:
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  • Tindlebe takolweni
    Esiyingini semumo welicandza lesentiwe ngematinyo – tiluphawu lekuvundza, kukhula nekutfutfuka kwelikhono, kondla bantfu, netekulima umhlaba.
     
  • Ematinyo endlovu
    Luphawu lwekuhlakanipha, emandla, kwenta tintfo ngemkhawulo lofanele, nalokungenamkhawulo.
     
  • Lihawu
    Simo selihawu legolide simise kwesigubhu. Linemisebenti lemibili: kukhombisa bungempela nekuvikela ngekwemoyan.
     
  • The human figures
    Isuselwa etitfombeni telitje le-Linton, sibonelo lesidvume kakhulu emhlabeni seBuciko lobentiwe ematjeni eNingizimu Afrika (South African Rock Art), nyalo selakhelwe lakhonjiswa eMyuziyemu yeNingizimu Afrika (South African Museum) eCape Town. EmaKhoisani (Batfwa), bahlali labadzala labatiwako emhlabeni wetfu, bafakazela buntfu betfu lobufanako nelifa letfu njengebantfu beNingizimu Afrika. Lemitimba ivetwe njengesimo sekubingelela, lesikhombisa bunye. Loku kuphindze kumele kucala kwekugucuka kwemuntfu ngamunye ngemcondvo lomkhulu wekuba lilunga lesive futsi nekubonisa Buntfu betfu sihlangene.
     
  • Sikhali nesagila
    Timphawu letimbili tekuvikela neligunya – tiphindze timele tinyawo letinemandla tentinginono. Lesikhali nesagila kulele phansi, lokukhombisa kutfhula.

Umumo losalicandza wekunyuka

  • Imbhali yeProthiya
    Siphandla sebuhle bemhlaba wetfu nekuhlobisa emandla etfu njengesive lesisebentela iMvuselelo ye-Afrika – kukhombisa inhlanganisela lephelele yemibutfo lekhula emhlabeni, leyondliwe kusuka ngetulu. Imibala legcame kakhulu e-Afrika iniketwe iphrothiya – loluhlata, loyigolide, lobovu nalomnyama.
     
  • Intinginono
    Leboniswe indiza – ngumphumela wemvelo wekukhula kanye nelitubane. Inyoni lenemandla tinyawo tayo – letivetwe njengesikhali nesagila - tiyisebentela kahle ekutingeleni kwayo tinyoka lokukhombisa kuvikeleka kwesive etitseni taso. Sitfunywa semazulu kantsi senta umsebenti waso wemusa emhlabeni, kuloku iluphawu lwebukhosi lobungcwele. Letimphiko tayo letiphakeme tisiphandla sekwenyuka kwesive sakitsi, kantsi ngaso sona leso sikhatsi tisiniketa kuvikela kwayo.
     
  • Lilanga leliphumako
    Siphandla senkhatimulo nebukhathikhathi. Lifanekisa setsembiso sekutalwa kabusha, tigaba letikhutsele tenkhatimulo nekugcama, lwati, kuncuma lokuhle nemandla ekutimisela. Liluphawu lwemtfombo wemphilo, lwekukhanya nekuba munye lokuphelele kweBuntfu.

    Sakhiwo lesiphelele seSiphandla sihlanganisa tiyingi temumo welicandza tangaphansi nangetulu njengeluphawu lwalokungenamkhawulo. Indlela lehlanganisa umphetfo wangaphasi wembhalo lobutsiwe, kwengca imigca yematinyo, ngelukhalo ngenhla lapho lilanga liphuma khona etulu, kwakha umumo welicandza lemkhatsi lapho intinginono iphakama khona. Ngekwemcondvo wekubonisa loku kutalwa kabusha ngekwemoya nesive sakitsi lesikhulu nalesilichawe.

Incubo yokwenta leSiphandla

Litiko leteBuciko, eMasiko, iSayensi neTheknoloji licele imibono ngeSiphandla lesisha esiveni. Ngekulandzela lemibono letfoliwe, kanye neligalelo lelisuka kuKhabhinethi, kuye kwabhalwa inchazelo. Luphiko lweteKuchumana neLwati lwaHulumende (GCIS) lube selutsintsa i-Design South Africa – umtimba lohlanganisele lomele tingosi tebadvwebi eveni lonkhe – kuniketa inchazelo kubadvwebi labalishumi labasetulu. Badvwebi labatsatfu bakhetfwa kutsi baletse luhlaka lwabo kuKhabhinethi. Umdvwebo waMnu Iaan Bekker wakhetfwa kutsi ube Siphandla seMbuso lesisha. UMnu. Bekker ungumcondzisi weLicembu leFCB futsi uye wadvweba madizayini lemanyenti etinhlangano tembuso neyetikhungo tangasese tebamabhizinisi.

Luphawumbuso lolusha lungetela i-Batho Pele

I-Batho Pele sisho seSisutfu lesisho kutsi "Bantfu Kucala", kubophelela basebente bahulumente kutsi basebentele bonkhe bantfu beNingizimu Afrika. Emagugu netinchubomgomo teBatho Pele tesekela Luphawumbuso lwelive. Ngamhlaka-1 Okthoba 1997, basebenti bahulumende bacale umkhankaso weBatho Pele lohlose kutfutfukiswa kwemisebenti yahulumende yetinsita esiveni.

I-Batho Pele kutibophelela kumagugu nakutinchubomgomo:

  • Kubonisana nebantfu ngaso sonkhe sikhatsi ngelizinga lemsebenti loniketwako
  • Kubeka imigomo yemazinga emsebenti kukhombisa lizinga lemisebenti lengalindzeleka
  • Kukhulisa kufinyeleleka kwemisebenti yetinsita ikakhulukati kulabo bebancishwe matfuba ngesikhatsi lesendlule
  • Kucinisekisa emazinga lasetulu esizotsa ngekulandzela emazinga lamisiwe ngekuphatsa emakhasimende
  • Kuniketa lwati lolunyenti nalolungcono ngetinsita kwentela kutsi emakhasimende abe nelwati lolufanelekile
  • Kukhulisa lizinga lekusebenta ngendlela leselubala ngekutsi tinsita tiniketwa njani
  • Kulungisa lapho kwehlulekwa khona kanye nemaphutsa kwentela kutsi tinkhinga tisonjululwe nobe tisetjentwe ngemphumelelo
  • Kwenta msebenzi ngendlela lebonelela timali tebantfu kwentela kutsi emakhasimende abone kutsi intsela yawo isetjentiswa ngalokunemphumelelo nangalokufanelekile.

I-Batho Pele(Bantfu Kucala) imayelana nekunciphisa tinhlelo leticitsako naletibitako tangekhatsi letingakahlelelwa kubeka tidzingo tebantfu kucala. Kumayelana nekucinisekisa kwekutsi kuhlelwa kwetetimali kwemiSebenti yaHulumende imacondzana netidzingo kanye netimfuno tebantfu.

Kwentiwa ncono lokunyenti loku sive lesingatsandza kukubona akubiti lutfu, njengaloku: kumoyitela, kuphatsa emakhasimende ngenhlonipho, kwetsembeka uma ngabe kuniketwa umniningwane kanye nekuconisa uma tintfo tingahambi kahle. Leti akusito tintfo letidzingo imitfombolusito lengetiwe – yindlela nje yekutsi kube nemazinga lahlukene ekutiphatsa.

Kwenta ncono kuphakelwa kwetinsita kumayelana nekuhlelwa kabusha kuto tonkhe lesitentako kumigomo “yekusebentela emakhasimende”. Kuphumelelisa iBatho Pele akusiyo intfo leyentiwa kanye kuphela. Yinchubo lechubekako, lendze, letawuba khona iminyaka leminyenti, letfola umfutfo ngaso sonkhe sikhatsi.

Sidzinga kusebenta ngekubambisana, njengaHulumende nemphakatsi, kuze sente tinchubomgomo te-Batho Pele tibe liciniso esiveni lesisemsebentini wekuletsa imphilo lencono. (Inkhulumo yaMengameli Thabo Mbeki ekumisweni kweSiphandla, eKwaggafontein, Bloemfontein, ngamhlaka 27 Apreli 2000).

Compiled by: Government Communication and Information System (GCIS), April 2000