Mr Ramaphosa was appointed Chairman of the National Planning Commission on 3 June 2014.
In December 2012, he was elected Deputy President of the African National Congress (ANC).
He holds a law degree from the University of South Africa obtained in 1981.
Mr Ramaphosa has also received several honorary doctorates from local and international universities, including the University of Massachusetts, the University of Cape Town, the National University of Lesotho, the University of KwaZulu-Natal, and the University of the North
Positions last held/Career/Memberships/Other Activities
He was detained in 1974 for organising pro-Frelimo rallies that were held to celebrate the independence of Mozambique. He was detained for the second time in 1976 following the Soweto student uprising and later imprisoned.
Mr Ramaphosa became the first general secretary of the National Union of Mineworkers in 1982. In 1991, he was elected ANC secretary-general and subsequently became head of the ANC team that negotiated the transition to democracy.
Following the country's first democratic elections in 1994, he was elected chairperson of the Constitutional Assembly, which wrote South Africa's new democratic constitution.
Mr Ramaphosa moved into the private sector in 1996. He was the executive chairperson of Shanduka Group, which he founded in 2001. Mr Ramaphosa became the First Deputy Chairperson of Commonwealth Business Council.
He served as the deputy chairperson of the National Planning Commission from 2010 until 2014.
Research/Presentations/Awards/Decorations/Bursaries and Publications
He received the Olof Palme prize in Stockholm in 1987 and was included among the Time's 100 Most Influential People in the World in 2007.
In 2009, he was awarded the National Order of the Baobab in Silver by President Jacob Zuma for his contribution to the multiparty negotiations and for chairing the Constitutional Assembly to draft the new Constitution.