South African Government

Let's grow South Africa together

Constitutional commissions

South African Human Rights Commission (SAHRC)
Public Protector


South African Human Rights Commission (SAHRC)

The SAHRC is mandated to promote respect for and a culture of human rights; promote the protection, development and attainment of human rights; and monitor and assess the observance of human rights in South Africa. The powers and functions of the commission are further detailed in the Human Rights Commission Act of 1994.

Over the medium term, the SAHRC will continue to focus on the promotion, security and monitoring of human rights. This will be achieved through, among other things, strategic interventions that promote policy and legislative reforms, and improvements to service quality through the implementation of public and private organisations.

The SAHRC will also adopt and enforce international human rights recommendations and standards through strategic impact litigation and engagements to address systemic violations and other redress mechanisms. In this regard, in each year over the medium term, the commission plans to conduct 63 strategic interventions, finalise 5 000 complaints and investigations and institute 20 strategic litigation matters. The commission’s total budget for 2020/21 was R200 million.

Public Protector of South Africa

The Public Protector of South Africa is mandated to strengthen the country’s constitutional democracy by investigating any conduct in state affairs, or in the public administration in any sphere of government, that is alleged or suspected to be improper or to result in any impropriety or prejudice; to report on that conduct; and to take appropriate remedial action. Section 182 of the Constitution also states that the public protector must be accessible to all persons and communities.

Over the medium term, the institution will focus on investigations to root out improper conduct and maladministration in all state affairs. Accordingly, over the medium term, the institution plans to finalise 80% of cases within the approved turnaround times of six months, 12 months and 24 months for early resolution, service delivery, and good governance and integrity cases, respectively. The institution’s total budget for 2020/21 was R333 million.