South Africa at a glance

Size

1 219 690 km2

Key economic sectors

Mining services and transport, energy, manufacturing, tourism, and agriculture

Population

Total: 55,91 million
Male: 27,38 million (49%)
Female: 28,53 million (51%)

Official languages

English
isiZulu
isiXhosa
isiNdebele
Afrikaans
siSwati
Sesotho sa Leboa
Sesotho
Setswana
Tshivenda
Xitsonga

Government

Constitutional multiparty, three-tier (local, provincial, national) democracy. Read more about South Africa's government.

Capitals

Pretoria (administrative)
Cape Town (legislative)
Bloemfontein (judicial)

The Constitutional Court is located in Johannesburg.

Provinces

Western Cape
Eastern Cape
KwaZulu-Natal
Northern Cape
Free State
North West
Gauteng
Mpumalanga
Limpopo

Currency

Rand (ZAR). 100 cents equals one rand

Time

GMT +2 hours

Distances

Cape Town to Johannesburg 1 400 km (880 miles)
Johannesburg to Durban 600 km (380 miles)
Port Elizabeth to Bloemfontein 700 km (440 miles)

Transportation

Excellent roads, rail and air facilities (both domestic and international).

Public transport in major cities include the Gautrain between Johannesburg and Pretoria and the Bus Rapid Transport System in Cape Town, Johannesburg and Pretoria.

Telecommunications

World-class infrastructure. Internet access is widely available. There are five mobile (cellular) networks.

Health

Top-quality public and private healthcare is available throughout the country. Malaria precautions are necessary in some areas.

Source:  Mid-year Population Estimates, 2016 and (Census 2011 Stats SA)

More information