1 219 690 km2
Key economic sectors
Total: 55,91 million
Male: 27,38 million (49%)
Female: 28,53 million (51%)
Sesotho sa Leboa
Constitutional multiparty, three-tier (local, provincial, national) democracy. Read more about South Africa's government.
The Constitutional Court is located in Johannesburg.
Rand (ZAR). 100 cents equals one rand
GMT +2 hours
Cape Town to Johannesburg 1 400 km (880 miles)
Johannesburg to Durban 600 km (380 miles)
Port Elizabeth to Bloemfontein 700 km (440 miles)
Excellent roads, rail and air facilities (both domestic and international).
Public transport in major cities include the Gautrain between Johannesburg and Pretoria and the Bus Rapid Transport System in Cape Town, Johannesburg and Pretoria.
World-class infrastructure. Internet access is widely available. There are five mobile (cellular) networks.
Source: Mid-year Population Estimates, 2016 and (Census 2011 Stats SA)